Meniscus Surgery

Meniscus Surgery

Surgery Summary

Anesthesia Type Local: General Anesthesia

Duration of Operation: 30 – 40 Minutes

Duration of Hospitalization: 1- 2 Days

Recovery Time: 4 – 6 Days

The surgical treatment of meniscus tears and injuries is called meniscus surgery. Meniscus tears and damages occur with complaints such as swelling in the knee, stiffness, and restriction of movements. The Arthroscopic (closed) method is the most current and most preferred method in meniscus surgery. With arthroscopy, it is possible to recover in a shorter time without large scars.

During the operation, incisions between half and one centimeter are made and fiber optic imaging devices are placed in the area. In this way, meniscus tears, damaged cartilage structures, and other problems, if any, can be clearly observed on the screen, and joint parts that cannot be reached in open surgeries can be intervened. With this method, recovery is achieved in a shorter time than open surgeries and the risk of postoperative complications is minimized.

After the operation, you can be discharged on the same day or after a day or two, depending on the time determined by your doctor. During the recovery period after returning home, exercises to be determined by your doctor, physiotherapy applied at regular intervals and a rehabilitation program that your doctor will prepare for you are of great importance.

Meniscus Surgery

Meniscus tears occur with complaints such as swelling in the knee, sticking, and restriction of movements. If they do not improve with treatments such as medication, rest, and ice therapy, meniscus surgery is needed. Meniscus tears are detected with preoperative examinations. General or local, regional anesthesia is applied according to the needs of the patient. One centimeter incisions are made during arthroscopy. Imaging devices are entered through the incisions and the images reached by the device are monitored on the screen. With the imaging mechanism, the structure of the tear, how many tears, and cartilage damage are examined. Depending on the structure of the tear, the joint can be sutured, trimmed, and some or all of the meniscus can be removed. Artificial meniscus or meniscus taken from cadavers can be transplanted instead of completely removed tissues. It is more advantageous for the patient if the meniscus tears can be sutured, so early diagnosis is very important.

What is the meniscus?

The meniscus is the tissue between the thigh and shin bones in the knee joint. These half-moon-shaped tissues are two as “Inner Meniscus” and “Outer Meniscus”. A small part has veins, the other part is non-vascular and is fed with joint fluid. Injuries in the inner meniscus are much more open than the outer meniscus. The meniscus contributes to joint cartilage absorption and nutrition. The capsule supports the strength of the joint by lying between the bones and ligaments. In this case, it is desirable not to touch the tibia and thigh bones in any way. It reduces the pressure of the loads on the knee on the cartilage and allows easy movement with joint fluid. In the absence of meniscus, calcification occurs in a short time. Meniscus tears are the most common injury among knee injuries. It occurs especially in people who are involved in sports, but it can actually occur in anyone and at any age.

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